Taxon: Sideritis montana L. 1753

Coloquial name ironwort
Phylum/Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae
Species Sideritis montana L. 1753
Related species U flori Vojvodine ova vrsta nema bližeg srodnika

Annual, herbaceous plant. The stem is erect, 20-50 cm high, branched in the lower part. The leaves are opposite, decusive, simple, oblong-spear, without petiole, margine are rarely toothed. The flowers are bisexual, yellow, grouped in the nodal inflorescens, in axils of leaves. Nodes form up to 30 cm long compound, spikelike inflorescens. Fruit is nut. Flowering and pollination: June-September; autogamy. Fruiting and dispersal: July-November; epizoochory. Life form: v-a Mi-Mes (Mag) T scap. (Hegi, 1964; Soo, 1968; Újvárosi, 1972)


Fields, stubble, gardens, vineyards, roadsides.

Habitat 1 I1 Arable land and market gardens
I1.5 Bare tilled, fallow or recently abandoned arable land
Habitat 2 I1 Arable land and market gardens
I1.2 Mixed crops of market gardens and horticulture
Habitat 3 J4 Transport networks and other constructed hard-surfaced areas
J4.2 Road networks
Habitat 4 FB Shrub plantations
FB.4 Vineyards
Habitat 5 I2 Cultivated areas of gardens and parks
I2.3 Weed communities of recently abandoned garden areas

Introduction source


Most likely introduced with the seeds of cereals. In Central Europe for the first time recorded in the 1880th year (Mannheim).

Vector Prirodno rasprostranjena

Population status Formirana

Most abundant populations are on the stubble, which are in the past 25 years, very rare type of habitats, due to tillage.

Presence Česta

Habitats that the widespread species (stubble) are gradually disappearing, as a result of a decrease in populations and species, and threats of S. Montana in. In Vojvodina, a fully domesticated.

Autohtoni areal
AzijaJugozapadna Azija, Srednja Azija
EvropaJužna Evropa

Alohtoni areal
EvropaJužna Evropa, Srednja Evropa

Obradio Pal Boža

Habitat images and distribution map in Vojvodina: